Hi All,

I am a newbie to SAP-HANA world and was recently exploring different types of CDS Views (particularly CDS Views with Input Parameters).

Though CDS Views with Input Parameters were introduced quite a long time back but I could not find a way to make some of the input parameters as Optional. So I played around with some annotations and found out a way to accomplish the same.

I did that with the help of annotation

@Environment.systemField: #USER

I used the above annotation in my CDS View along with parameters in the following way:

 @AbapCatalog.sqlViewName: 'Z_CDS_OP' @AbapCatalog.compiler.compareFilter: true @AccessControl.authorizationCheck: #CHECK @EndUserText.label: 'Material Query' define view ZCDS_OP with parameters @Environment.systemField: #CLIENT p1 : mandt, @Environment.systemField: #USER p2 : uname, p3 : aenam as select from mara as ar { :p1 as Client, :p2 as Name, aenam as Created_By, matnr as Material } where ar.mandt = :p1 and ar.aenam = :p3; 

Here the parameter p2 is defined for the sy-uname value, but it functions as an optional parameter at run-time.

If no value is passed for p2 parameter, the system defaults it to the sy-uname value.

Note that there is no asterisk (*) over p2 field. Below is the output of this query:

In this case my username is ‘FUNCTIONAL’ and is displayed in column ‘Name’.


Now I pass the value to the optional parameter:

Now, the p2 parameter value gets used and I get the following result:


This CDS view can also be consumed in an ABAP Program like the following:

 "Select Data from CDS view without optional parameter SELECT Client, Name, Created_By, Material FROM zcds_op( p3 = 'FUNCTIONAL' ) INTO TABLE @DATA(li_mara).


 "Select Data from CDS view with optional parameter SELECT Client, Name, Created_By, Material FROM zcds_op( p2 = 'DEEPAK', p3 = 'FUNCTIONAL' ) INTO TABLE @DATA(li_mara).

Both the code snippets work perfectly fine and generate the desired results.

So in this way I made a parameter optional in a CDS View.